Sindhis (Sindhi: سنڌي (Perso-Arabic), सिन्धी (Devanagari), (Khudabadi)) are a Sindhi-speaking ethnic group primarily of Indo-Aryan origin native to the Sindh province of modern-day Pakistan. Sindhi culture is highly influenced by Sufi doctrines and principles. Some of the popular cultural icons are Raja Dahir, Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, Jhulelal, Sachal Sarmast and Shambumal Tulsiani. After independence of Pakistan in 1947, most Hindu and Sikh Sindhis migrated to India and other parts of the world, though, in 1998, Hindus still constituted about 16% of the total Sindhi population in Pakistan.[4] Sindhi Hindus also believe in tenets of Sikhism but are predominantly Sahajdhari. As a result, this group of Sindhis can be regarded as concurrently following both Hinduism and Sikhism.
There are 40 million Sindhis living in Pakistan, with 39.5 million in Sindh, and over 500,000 living in other provinces. About 16% of the population of Sindhis in Pakistan are Hindus.[5] Most of them live in urban areas like Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur, and Mirpur Khas.Hyderabad is the largest centre of Sindhi Hindus in Pakistan with 100,000-150,000 people.
Sindhi is also spoken in India, especially in the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra. It is also spoken in Ulhasnagar near Mumbai which is the largest Sindhi enclave in India, Sindhi is also spoken as a minority language in several other countries where Sindhi People have emigrated in large numbers, such as the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, where it is the fourth-most-commonly used language, and Canada, where it is the fourth-most-spoken language. Total Sindhi population is over 42 million. There are 35 million Sindhi speakers in Pakistan, 2.8 million in India, 150,000 in the U.A.E, 100,000 in the UK, 50,000 in KSA, 50,000 in USA, 35,000 in Canada in 2006, and smaller numbers in other countries .